which the emerging Soviet democracy was unable to curb, eventually led
to the disintegration of the multinational Union of republics that
Gorbachev led. In his attempts to prevent such an outcome Mikhail
Gorbachev made maximum efforts, save the use of force, which would have
been against his inner principles of political vision and morality.
On December 25, 1991, Gorbachev stepped down as Head of State.
Since January 1992,
Mikhail Gorbachev has been President of the International
Non-Governmental Foundation for Socio-Economic and Political Studies
(The Gorbachev Foundation). Apart from being a research center and
discussion platform, the Gorbachev Foundation also carries out
humanitarian charity projects.
Gorbachev’s death On August 20, 1999, Mikhail Gorbachev’s family - his
daughter Irina, grand-daughters Ksenya and Anastasya and
great-granddaughter Alexandra - is playing a great role in his life.
In 1993 at the initiative of representatives of 108 countries Gorbachev established Green Cross International,
a non-governmental environmental organization. Its mission is vast
education of world public about environmental problems, inculcation of a
new environmental consciousness, the overcoming of environmental
consequences of the Cold War and the arms race. National organizations
of Green Cross International exist in 23 countries of the world.
In 1999 Mikhail Gorbachev was the mastermind of setting up the Nobel Peace Laureates Summits.
Annual meetings of the Forum have been discussing global problems of
concern for mankind as a whole: violence and wars, problems of poverty,
the ecological crisis.
In 2001 – 2003 Gorbachev was the co-chairman of the "St. Petersburg Dialogue"
– a series of regular meetings between Russia and Germany – held in
turn in both countries. They are attended by the representatives of
political structures and the business community as well as by young
On May, 2010, the New Policy Forum
met in Luxembourg to hold its first meeting of the Academic Advisory
Council at which the Board of Founders was set up with Mikhail Gorbachev
as its chairman. This is a new international organization founded by
Gorbachev to continue the mission of the World Political Forum
(2003-2009) – a tribune for informal discussion of the most pressing
world policy problems by the most authoritative political and public
leaders of the world.
Gorbachev took an
active part in the 1996 election in Russia and was nominated to stand
for the Russian Federation presidency. Gorbachev is a convinced social
democrat, the founder of the Russian United Social Democratic Party, the
Social Democratic Party of Russia (2001 – 2007) and the all-Russia
public movement “The League of Social Democrats” (established in the
fall of 2007).
This is the way Gorbachev has formulated his mission and his political article of faith: